English French German Russian Spanish

Bayon Temple

that are evident just about everywhere.

These changes could well have been made either during the course of construction or at other times so not all necessarily corresponding to the reign of Jayavarman VII.
The Bayon is without a doubt Angkor Thom's most extraordinary monument.
The temple design would seem to have been repeatedly revised over the course of construction such that four different phases have been identified. The principal elements of the final lay-out are as follows:
1. an orthodox cross encloses the circular central sanctuary
2. the inner galleries form a rectangle enclosing, in turn, the orthodox cross
3. another rectangle - the outer galleries - encloses and communicates with the first through passages on each of the four axes.
One of the specificities of the Bayon is its towers crowned with faces looking out to the four cardinal points. Modern Khmer call them "Prohm Bayon", with the name "Prohm" (Brahma) remaining as a vestige of Cambodia's Brahmanic past. The multiple scholarly attempts to identify the Bayon faces have generally focussed on Brahmanic-Mahayanic gods, in view of the religious particularities of Jayavarman VII's reign.
The most frequently cited is Lokesvara, a Buddhist divinity widely venerated during that time. It is also possible that the faces represented that of Jayavarman VII himself, as a new expression of an old Khmer tradition of belief in the apotheosis of kings.
The Bayon is also remarkable for its bas-reliefs, in particular those of the outer galleries. Certain reliefs depict historical events such as naval combat against the Cham on the Great Lake .Taking up on the artistic innovations of the Baphuon, others show touching scenes of daily life amongst common people.It is the Bayon, more than any other temple, which materializes the assembly of the principal gods of the Angkorian Empire.
Inscriptions engraved on the doorjambs of the temple's many small sanctuaries tell us that these once harbored statues of different provincial or even local divinities. It is tempting in fact to call the Bayon "Tevea Vinichay", or "Assembly of the Gods", the name of the throne hall in Phnom Penh's Royal Palace.

The central tower of the Bayon once sheltered a Buddha seated on the Naga. Cast into the well of the central tower with the 13th-century return to Brahmanism, this statue was discovered and transported for worship and display at Vihear Prampil Loveng in 1935.

Get Quotation

Experience the beauty and mystery of Cambodia – Fall in love with our people and culture.

Quality tours & professional, friendly service are our priorities.

You should watch this Video before coming to Cambodia to explore mystical temples and immerse yourself into our rich and vibrant culture.

Our tours create life long memories and experiences you will never forget!

Fall in love with our people and culture
Experience the beauty and mystery of Cambodia
Quality tours & professional, friendly service are our priorities

Contact Us

Cambodia Office
Mobile: +855 70999965
Tel:      +855 12 699 313
Email: sale@angkorasiaadventures.com

United States Office
Email: aaatraveltours@hotmail.com
Add: 5400 Harbour Pt. Blvd.
Suite A-303 Mukilteo, Wa. 98275